How neuroptimal® neurofeedback works


Neurofeedback is EEG (electro-encephalogram) or brain-wave biofeedback. The general field of neurofeedback was originally developed in the 1960s and administered using large, cumbersome computers. Since then, drastic advancements in technology have made it highly accessible. Clinic Psychologists, Drs. Valdeane and Susan Brown, founders of  Zengar Institute, Inc., have created a simple, interactive software that harnesses this powerful technology in an easy-to-use program called NeurOptimal® that loads onto a laptop computer. Though based in technology that uses Dynamical Neurofeedback® (see more below), this kind of neurofeedback is a completely non-invasive, drug-free, highly personalized brain training system that helps the central nervous system (CNS) make the best use of your brain’s natural resources. 


NeurOptimal® Neurofeedback is a tool that gives each individual brain information on its own moment to moment functioning. Each client is hooked up to the system with silver sensors placed on the scalp with a conductive paste. The system is reading small wisps of electrical energy that emanate from the scalp when the brain is doing its work. It is able to determine function and stability with complex mathematics. 


While the client is siting in a comfortable chair hooked up to these sensors, (s)he is watching a video of moving colors and geometric shapes while listening to pleasant music. When the software has determined a moment of instability in the brain, the music and movement of the video are briefly interrupted. It is this interruption that cues the brain that something has changed and could be amiss. This audible signal encourages the brain to “reset” and self-correct, often times making remarkable adjustments in its functioning. With this greater stability, symptoms diminish and sometimes evaporate entirely.


Much of our suffering comes from pervasive recurring thoughts and feelings in which our minds become emotionally stranded or cognitively “stuck”. NeurOptimal® neurofeedback training for the brain is similar to physical training for the body. It prompts the brain to draw from its existing resources and pull itself out of these mental ruts. The result is a more open and positive mindset in which obstacles are more manageable and problems are easier to resolve.


the science behind neuroptimal® neurofeedback


Just like you have developed the most efficient way to walk given YOUR particular shape, weight and size, your brain is designed to find its own, unique, most efficient response to various situations, IF given the right feedback at the right time. 


Dynamical Neurofeedback® is the key, scientific technology developed by Zengar Institute that is used in its NeurOptimal®neurofeedback training systems. Instead of providing specific “direction” as other types of neurofeedback do, Dynamical Neurofeedback® is designed to take advantage of the brain’s natural learning processes by encouraging it to function as originally designed. NeurOptimal®’s neurofeedback trainers then simply promote and facilitate the brain’s natural tendency toward self-­‐regulation, resilience and flexibility. 1


The Dynamical Neurofeedback® technology is unique to the NeurOptimal® Trainer interface and is based on the following observations regarding brain physiology:  

  • Brain Dynamics : the brain is a non-­‐linear, dynamical system that perceives information and adjusts to incoming stimuli in a dynamic of ceaseless, perpetual processes. 2   
  • Process Variability The brain does not demonstrate absolute values for the amount of brain waves required for specific cognitive functions. 3    
  • Functional Targeting While there are some physiological functions that are largely localized to a pinpoint site within the brain, the larger reality is that the brain is a vastly interconnected network of multiple, distributed functions and locations.  It operates much like the entire Worldwide Web does. This means, among other things, that there is a dynamic range of variability within different regions of the brain that determines the optimal psychological balance for each individual. This range also varies dynamically moment to moment depending on the processes that are active in at the time. 4


These principles guide the design of NeurOptimal®’s training systems and ultimately account for the Dynamical Neurofeedback®’s effectiveness in addressing a broad range of concerns, across the wide range of settings in which it has been used.  


Brain Dynamics

The brain is a dynamical organ geared towards general, but not absolute self-­‐regulation. No one needs to teach a young child the "best" way to walk.  Through experimentation, the brain discovers and develops an internal balance and natural gait unique to that individual.  The twin processes of adaptation and accommodation work as a dynamic pair to establish the individually unique and optimal way for each individual to work, given their overall physical status, including any limitations or constraints. 

This happens because the brain is continually processing and assessing feedback from the muscles and other aspects of the musculo-­‐skeletal system about their relative position and stability in space. In this way it explores, extends and consolidates the intrinsic resilience and flexibility required to walk adaptively regardless of the surface and how soft, bumpy, stable or slippery, etc it might be.  Repeating this process throughout each step enables the brain to learn how to walk -­‐-­‐ all without any "expert" explaining which movements of which muscles are necessary. 5, 6

Similarly, Dynamical Neurofeedback® allows the brain to assemble its own response and coping strategies based on incoming information.  As a result, the NeurOptimal® system is intrinsically non‐invasive and non‐corrective.  


Process Variability 

In addition to infinitely cycling and self-­‐regulating, the brain does not possess absolute values for how much of any particular brain wave is inherently “best” for certain activities.  Any such "average" significantly varies from person to person and moment to moment throughout the day.  This amount depends on many factors: the task in which the person is engaged; time of day, blood sugar levels; recent amount of rest and sleep, overall health, etc.. 7 

Given these multiple variables, Dynamical Neurofeedback® does not attempt to restore brain waves to some presumed "average" or "best" level.  Instead. NeurOptimal® simply provides the central nervous system with information about what it has already done and allows the brain itself sort out the value of that information. Harnessing the brain’s intrinsic intelligence to regulate the amount of brain waves necessary in any specific moment for that individual is infinitely more effective than turning the task over to even the most powerful computer processor. 


Functional Targeting 

Given that dynamical, non­‐linear nature of the brain’s physiological functions, designing a neurofeedback system to target specific conditions or complaints would be akin to chasing sand grains in a desert storm. Dropping a pin in one point in time to address one function or another will ultimately miss the mark because the brain has already “moved on”. 8

Instead, Dynamical Neurofeedback® is designed to monitor the brain's electrical activity and - through audible feedback interruptions - notify the brain when it is about to reach the edge of its stability in some region of function. There is nothing intrinsically problematic in reaching the edge of stability; it is precisely what happens when someone goes to sleep. The transition from wakeful consciousness to sleep occurs through a turbulent transition that is marked by the sudden onset of stability: wakefulness collapses as sleepiness emerges and then transitions rapidly into light sleep.

Though essential at least once every 24 hours, this natural transition into sleep would be problematic if it occurred while driving in rush hour. The NeurOptimal® system provides a signal, or feedback, to alert the brain that such a transition between states is about to occur. This notification prompts the brain to determine if the transition is desirable or problematic given the current conditions. 

Dynamical Neurofeedback®, then, allows the brain to reconnect with its own internal resources to determine what is appropriate in various situations and how best to cope with this information. It is the NeurOptimal® system’s permeability with the brain’s natural processes that allows Dynamical Neurofeedback® to produce such positive effects for so many people regardless of what particular concerns prompted the NeurOptimal® neurofeedback training.  Instead of "chasing problems", the NeurOptimal® system simply prompts the brain to source its own internal, information-­‐rich way of approaching the world across all situations. This non-­‐invasive prompting encourages the brain to return to far more efficient and effective operation regardless of internal and external challenges and demands.  As a result, symptoms and problems simply drop away, seamlessly for most people.


Content above provided and copyrighted by Zengar Institute, Inc.